KISWAHILI FOR BEGINNERS: ORDERS AND WISHES 2

We proceed with our topic Orders and wishes

Monosyllabic verbs from no exception here, so we have:

Nije, let me come, I may come……

Uje, you may come

Aje, he/she should come

Tuje, we may come, we should come

Mje, you may come, should come

Waje, let them come, they may come

Likewise, nile,”let me eat”; ule, “you may eat,” etc. This form is called subjunctive. It is used whenever intention is expressed.

The first verb is said to be in the indicative and the second in the subjunctive mood .e.g.

Alinipa kitabu nisome, he gave me a book to read.

Anakula chakula Bora apate nguvu, he eats good /excellent

Food to get strength.

Walituita twende kula, they called us to go and eat

The subjunctive is used after certain verbs, like; Kuambia, to tell Kusema, to say Kuita, to call

e.g. Nilimwambia aje, I told him to come Je, alisema twende Leo? did he say we should go today  Ita wageni waje kula, call the guests to come and eat with words such as; lazima, “it is necessary”.

Inafaa, it is better, useful

Haifai, it is not good, useless

Ni vizuri, it is good

Si vizuri, it is not good

e.g lazima uende nyumbani, you must go home,

Inafaa uende nyumbani, it is better you go home.

Ni vizuri uende, it is good that you go home.

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