KISWAHILI FOR BEGINNERS: ADVERBS AND PREPOSITIONS

ADVERBS OF TIME

Juzi,the day before yesterday.                     Sasa,now

Jana, yesterday.                                           Kila siku,every day

Kesho, tomorrow.                                         Sasa hivi, just now

Keshokutwa, the day after tomorrow

siku zote, always.                                        bado,not yet

Usiku,at night.                                             Bado kidogo,a little while yet

Mchana,in day time.                                   Baadae, afterwards

asubuhi in the morning                             kwanza,at first

Jioni,in the evening,.                                  Mwishowe, in the end

Zamani, formerly.                                         Mwanzoni,in the beginning

Zamani sana,a long time ago.                   Usiku wa manane,in the dead of night.

Mapema, early

ADVERBS OF PLACE

Chini,on the ground.                                    e.g shuka chini, come down

Juu, above.                                                     Juu angani,in the air ruka juu,jump up

Mbele,in front                                                 Yuko mbele,he/she is in front

Nyuma, behind.                                                Yuko nyuma,he/she is behind

So too with -yako,yake etc.

ndani, inside.                                                        Wako ndani,they are inside

Nje, outside.                                                         Yuko nje,he is outside

Katikati,in the centre.                                            hapa ni katikati,here is the centre/middle

Karibu,near.                                                            Yuko karibu,he is near

Mbali,far away                                                        wako mbali sana,they are far away

We will continue with our topic next week

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