Let us work for new achievements in China-Tanzania comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership

At the invitation of President Xi JinpingofthePeople’sRepublicof China, President Samia Suluhu Hassan of the United Republic of Tanzania paid a state visit to the People’s Republic of China from November2to4,2022.

This is the first state visit by a Tanzanian head of state to China in eight years. President Samia is also the first African head of state received by China after 20th National Congress oftheCommunist Party of China (CPC).

During this visit, President Xi Jinping held talks with President Samia, and held a welcoming ceremony and a welcoming banquet for her. Premier of the State Council Li Keqiang and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress Li Zhanshu had separate meetings withPresidentSamia.Iwouldlike to introduce this visittoTanzanian friends.

1. The talks between the two heads of state drew a blueprint for the development of China-Tanzania relations. During the talks, President Xi briefed President Samia on the important outcomes of the 20th CPC National Congress. He pointed out thatChina has already foundadevelopmentpathsuitedto its national conditions.

Chinese modernization is grounded in China’sownrealities,withfeatures that are unique to the Chinese context. On behalf of the Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) and the Tanzanian government, President Samia extended warm congratulations on the success of the 20th CPC National Congress and President Xi’s re-election as General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

The two heads of state announced the elevation of the bilateral relationship to a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership. The two sidesreaffirmedtheircommitment to developing China-Tanzania relations, and their firm mutual support for each other on issues concerning each other’s core interests.

They agreed to work together to boost China-Tanzania trade and economic cooperation and deepen high-quality Belt and Road cooperation.

They underlined the need to strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and carry forward the friendship between the two peoples.

They also reiterated the importance to enhance cooperation in international fora and multilateral affairs, and jointly uphold international fairness, justice and the common interests of fellow developing countries.

The two heads of state exchanged in-depth views on China-Africa relations and agreed that in developing China-Africa relations,both sides need to remain committed to the overall direction of mutual trust, mutual benefit, mutual learning and mutual assistance.

Both China and Africa need to carry forward the spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation, and show greater historical initiative in advancing friendship between China and Africa. China’s continuous development will create new opportunitiesforAfrica.

China will speed up the implementation of the ongoing nine initiatives for cooperation withAfrica.Withaparticular focus on infrastructure, we will continue to nurture new drivers for China-Africa cooperation through trade,investment and financing.

During the visit, the two sides issued a Joint Statement on Establishing a Comprehensive Strategic Cooperative Partnership between the People’s Republic of China and the United Republic of Tanzania and signed 15 cooperation documents covering trade, investment,developmentcooperation, digital economy, green developmentandblueeconomy.

2. A Comprehensive Strategic Cooperative Partnership between China and Tanzania will deepen cooperation between the two countries.

The elevation of the bilateral relationship to a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership not only fully reflects the high level and strategic nature of China-Tanzania relations, but also ensures that China-Tanzania relations will continue along the general direction of “mutual trust, mutual benefit, mutual learning and mutual assistance” putforward by President Xi Jinping:

First,politicalmutualtrust will be more solid.China and Tanzania will maintain the momentum of high-level exchanges and political dialogue, expand the exchange of experience in governing the country,firmly support each other in exploring a development path that is in line with their national conditions.

Second, mutually beneficial cooperation will be deepened. We will forge our cooperation underpinned by infrastructure construction, supported by three important pillars namely trade, investment and financing, and foster new kinetic energy for cooperation in the fields of green development,digitaleconomyand blueeconomy.

Third, cultural and people-to-people exchanges will be more extensive. We will further carry out exchanges in culture, education, tourism and sports,add luster to their respective cultural prosperity, enhance mutual knowledge and understanding between the two peoples, which helps to consolidate the public opinion foundation of friendship between the two countries.

Fourth, China and Tanzania will unite and help each other more firmly. We will adhere to true multilateralism, safeguard the international system with the United Nations at its core and the international order based on international laws, promote the implementation of the Global Development Initiative, and the building of A Community of SharedFuturefor Mankind.

China, will work together with Tanzania, under the guidance of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to further strengthenourhigh-levelexchanges, consolidate political mutual trust, and elevate bilateralrelations to a higher level, and injectstrong impetusinto building a China-Africa community with a shared futureinthenewera.

3. The prospect of practical cooperation between China and Tanzania in various fields is more promising. The two sides should follow the important consensus on China-Tanzania practical cooperation reached by the two heads ofstate and take the establishment of China-Tanzania comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership as an opportunity to push the implementation of the nine initiatives of China-Africa cooperationinTanzaniatoachieve early harvest, and push bilateral cooperation in variousfieldsto be fruitful,stable and far-reaching.

In the next stage, we need to do the following:

First,lay a solid foundation for development.China willstrongly support Tanzania to improve the level of connectivity.

We will discuss with Tanzania on how to revitalize the TAZARA, or the Tanzania-Zambia Railway, and support Chinese enterprises to participate in the construction of major infrastructure projects with high standards such as the Standard Gauge Railway,Nyerere Hydropower Station and Magufuli Bridge.

We hope that the Tanzanian side will make good use of the duty free treatment of 98% tariff lines goods originally from Tanzania exported to China, and the newly granted market access to Tanzanian agricultural produces, expand the export of Tanzania’s soybeans, aquatic products and avocados to China.

Second, strengthen capacity cooperation. China will accurately carry out industrial synergizing with Tanzania, and support institutions and enterprises of both sides to make use of China International Import Expo (CIIE), CIFIT and other platforms to conduct investment negotiations and business matching.

We will continue to encourage Chinese enterprises to invest in Tanzania, and expand production capacity cooperation in steel, cement and glass, fill the gaps in Tanzania’s market, and boostits development andindustrialization.

Third, explore new areas of cooperation. China will dig deeper into the potentials of cooperation with Tanzania in emerging fields.Wewill carry out cooperationsin fieldssuch as ICT, climate change, Juncao (mushrooms and grass) planting, etc., under the framework of newly-signed agreements regarding digital economy and green investment.

We will expand cultural exchanges, hold a China-Tanzania Year of Tourism and Culture in due course, and facilitate people-to-people exchanges to carry forward the non-governmental friendship between the two countries.

4. The advantages of China-Africa cooperation is increasingly evident. China and Africa have built a strong traditional friendship and good cooperative relations, which serves as a model of relationship between developing countries.

Compared with other countries and regions, China-Africa cooperation in new era has the following unique advantages:

First, historical advantages. Over the past 66 years,China and Africahaveforgedanunbreakable brotherhoodinthe struggle against imperialism and colonialism.

No matter how the international situation changes, China and African countries are always good friends in the same boat, good partners sharing  we aland woe,and good brothers with all sincerity. China and Africa have always been a community with a shared future. Second, ideological advantages.

Why have China-Africa relations been so good? Why has China-Africa friendship been so deep?President XiJinping pointed out that the key lies in the enduring spirit of China-Africa friendship and cooperation, that is, “sincere friendship,equaltreatment,mutual benefit, common development, fairness and justice, progress with the times, openness and inclusiveness”.

This is a true portrayal of China and Africa’s solidarity and shoulder-to-shoulder struggle for decades,anditisalsothe sourceof strength for China-Africa friendly relations to forge ahead into the future. Third, mechanistic advantages.

The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation or FOCAC is an important platform for dialogue and an effective mechanism for pragmatic cooperation between China and Africa.

Over the past 22 years, the FOCAC has become a firm pillar of China-Africa cooperation, and is widely recognized and welcomed by African countries and the international community.

China will continue to strengthen China-Africa cooperation in various fields under the framework of the FOCAC to improve the well-being of the Chinese and African peoples, and promote the building of a new type of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind.

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