KISWAHILI FOR BEGINNERS: Orders and wishes 3

We proceed with our topic  Orders and wishes

The negative subjunctive is used to express orders or commands in the second person.Thus:

Usiende,don’t go

Msiende, don’t go (plural.)

Usije kesho,do not come tomorrow

Msije kesho,do not come tomorrow

Usile matunda mabichi, don’t eat unripe fruit

Msile matunda mabichi, don’t eat unripe fruit

Usifanye hivi,do not do this

Msifanye hivi,do not do this

Usiwe na shaka , do not have doubts

Msiwe na shaka,do not have doubts

Usijali, do not mind

Msijali,do not mind

Usinisumbue,do not bother me

Msinisumbue,do not bother me

When orders and wishes contain an object prefix can be dropped.

e.g niambie,”tell me”mwambie,”tell him”.

Likewise:usinitazame hivyo,”do not look at me like that”some verbs take on an additional vowel before the final a when they include indirect objects.Here are a few examples;

Kuleta,to bring.               Kuleta,to bring to, for

Kuandika,to write.          Kuwaandikia,to write to,for

Kusoma,to read.             Kusoma,to read to, for

Kutaka,to want.              Kutaka,to wish someone

Kufanya, to do.               Kufanya, to do to, for

Kukataa,to refuse.         Kukatalia,to refuse to

Kufikiri,to think.            Kufikiria, to think of , for

Kusema,to say.             Kusemea,to speak for

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