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Hope all of you must have heard about the famous saying that – “no pain, no gain” or “nothing ventured, nothing gained”.

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Recently I was going to send something from Tanzania to my son in California that would remind him of the beautiful country he left behind called the land of Serengeti and Zanzibar.

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IF I were to declare that I like Kiswahili, the national language of a country to which I guess you also belong, you would be absolutely right to collect a frightful piece of paper called RB from the nearest police station to facilitate my arrest, prosecution and imprisonment.

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Hope you are all having a restful day and looking forward to a productive week ahead of you.

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THE following lyrics enthralled much of the space on the social media this week.

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BEFORE the debate on national food adequacy got hot, fear had been expressed that plastic rice from was about to be imported in the country.

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SOME animals come into this world more self-sufficient than others.

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TODAY, almost all eyes will be focused to Washington where a new President of the United States will be sworn-in, taking over from President Barack Hussein Obama whose term of office has come to an end.

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AS I had predicted immediately after the end of the marathon race of the Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games over the future of Tanzanian athlete, Alphonce Felix Simbu after he finished fifth in that memorable race, my prediction has finally come to pass.

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There is a video circulating on WhatsApp of a young man who decided to take educators to court. Reason? He says the school system turns millions of people into automatic machines, it uses the same classroom methods of a century ago and by treating all kids the same way, schools use testing methods that judge the ‘ability of fish to climb trees’.

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I AM reliably informed, but wish to inform you that I have a constitutional right to refuse to inform you who gave me the information, that a person who tells the truth is endeared to God.

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HAPPY New Year! My apologies for my absence last week but I was under the weather and was unable to have something ready on time. How is the year 2017 treating you so far?

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Prisons Service is now in the limelight, thanks to the impromptu visit by President John Joseph Pombe Magufuli last year at the Ukonga Central Prison where junior prison officers opened a Pandora Box to him.

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IT’S sad and despicable. I am good at watching horror movies but the images I saw on the brutality of our women were beyond and abrasive.

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The recent caning in public of a 38-year old woman in Tarime has drawn worldwide condemnation and it is heartening to note that public authorities are taking action against the perpetrators of this outdated practice.

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“It is the Algerian army which transformed me into the highest level of human specie - a freedom fighter…” -Madiba Nelson Mandela, paying tribute to Algeria.

YESTERDAY, we marked the 53rd anniversary of the Zanzibar Revolution. That Revolution, in a sense, resembles the struggle of the people of South Africa against apartheid, which, in a wider sense resembles what was in place in Zanzibar where a minority governed, suppressing the majority.

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THIS is a continuation of last week’s article, in which I reminded our readers that the year 2017 is the 50th anniversary, or golden jubilee, of the Arusha Declaration, which was promulgated in February 1967. I therefore devoted that article to the purpose of commemorating that momentous event in the political history of our country, as we celebrate its golden jubilee this year.

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KNOW what? Of course you don’t, and can’t know anything about something on which I haven’t dropped the faintest hint to you.

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THIS is the first full year of the reign of president Magufuli, the man who gained interest and admiration in Tanzania and the wider African continent for his nononsense style of fighting corruption and the waste of public resources. And true to his moniker, he has installed locks on government safes, and gate valves on all pipes used to siphon public monies out of the system.

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THE festive season is over and we are back to business. For the last three years, during such seasons I have tried to remind our leadership and residents of Dares Salaam to keep our city clean.

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IT’S 2017 and life moves on regardless of inescapable obligations before us! The children are going back to school and parents are fulfilling their obligation with due diligence.

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OVER the years, Unicef’s State of the World’s Children Reports have repeatedly shown that children around the world continue to face a brutal existence mainly because of poverty, HIV/AIDS and war.

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THE bad thing with the Christmas- New Year festive season is that it comes and goes, and within no time you have to go back to your normal hectic life. By the time the next season arrives, so much may have changed.

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“We should establish a clean government accountability system. If our leaders at all levels are clean and honest; being upright themselves before rectifying others, they will provide a good example from the beginning.

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I WISH to begin by reminding our readers that the year 2017 is the 50th anniversary of the Arusha Declaration, which was promulgated on February 5, 1967.

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IT was exactly on a date like today’s 132 years ago that the Fabian Society was founded in London, England on January 4, 1884CE (Christian Era).

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Let me start by wishing my avid readers a very happy and prosperous new year. The Year 2017 has just arrived at our door steps and this is the time of the year when I must remind you all about your “new year resolutions”.

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WELCOME to our new column: “On Human Flourishing” I believe you would agree with the proposal that Tanzanians strive to live better lives.

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Husband breach of contract

My husband promised that when I get married, and as part of my condition to get married to him, he would deposit TZS 50M every year in my personal account. I agreed to get married to him based on such a promise. For the last 15 years he complied but the last 2 years he claims that he does not have the money. I have asked him to borrow to pay as this is why I got married to him. He has refused and I want to divorce him, and put up a claim against him. Do I have a strong case against my husband? IT, Dar

It seems like you have another agreement on top of the normal marriage contract with your husband. We have not seen this agreement and hence this answer may not necessarily be conclusive. To begin with, a marriage is based on love and affection between the parties.

Yours seems to be driven by cash. A fundamental element seems to be missing in your relationship which is a shame. This is the first time we are seeing such a marriage based on such a condition. If you are successful in suing your husband, which we doubt you will succeed on, then it will set a bad precedent not only in Tanzania but world over.

Our cursory opinion, based on the few facts above, is that your agreement to be paid TZS 50M might be held to be illegal and if he counterclaims on you, you might be forced to return the money you got over the last 15 years.

We also believe that this is also not a ground for divorce. We strongly recommend you meet a marriage counsellor who might be able to provide more solid help then us lawyers.

Misleading company name

There is a company whose name suggests it is a hospital when infact it is merely a pharmacy.Once in there, the pharmacist gives you oral medication without a prescription. Infact everyone inside calls the pharmacist doctor. Is there a way someone can force this company to change its name so as not to mislead the public? UU, Morogoro

Section 33 of the Companies Act states that (I) If in the Minister’s opinion the name by which a company is registered gives so misleading an indication of the nature of its activities as to be likely to cause harm to the public, he may direct it to change its name.

(2) The direction must, if not duly made the subject of an application to the court under subsection (3), be complied with within a period of 6 weeks from the date of the direction or such longer period as the Registrar may think fit to allow. You can write to the Minister who can force the name change, although the company may challenge this in Court.

Imprisonment of company

I have read various laws of Tanzania and am thoroughly confused when the law mentions that the body corporate ie the company is guilty it shall be sentenced to imprisonment or fined or both. Now how can a company be sent to prison? Do you arrest the poor managers, directors or shareholders? Is that not unfair for sins of a company? GO, Moshi

It is true that you cannot sentence a corporate body as it is not a human being. However some of the laws actually provide that the directors or the managers will be sentenced to jail. In that case it is the directors and managers who are responsible for the acts of the company. However where the law does not specifically state so, you are right that one cannot imprison the company. To salvage such a situation, the Interpretation of Laws Act provides a fine mechanism in lieu of imprisonment and states in section 71 that (1) Every enactment relating to an offence punishable on conviction or on summary conviction shall be taken to refer to bodies corporate as well as to individuals.

(2) Where under a written law, a forfeiture or penalty is payable to a party aggrieved, it shall be payable to a body corporate in every case where that body is the party aggrieved.

(3) Except where otherwise expressly provided, where the penalty prescribed in a written law in respect of an offence does not consist of or include a fine, the court before which the offence is tried may, in the case of a body corporate, impose a fine– (a) where a term of imprisonment not exceeding six months is prescribed, a fine of two million shillings; (b) where a term of imprisonment exceeding six months but not exceeding one year is prescribed, a fine of three million shillings; (c) where a term of imprisonment exceeding one year but not exceeding two years is prescribed, a fine of five million shillings; (d) where a term of imprisonment exceeding three years is prescribed, a fine of ten million shillings. You can see that instead of the corporate being imprisoned it is fined.

Exclusivity of the national oil company

I am intending to invest in the oil and gas sector in Tanzania.Am I free to sell the gas I extract to anyone in Tanzania that I wish at whatever price I want? RE, Dar

Unfortunately if you are a new player, after discovery, you will likely come under the ambit of the Petroleum Act 2015 which has introduced, unlike its predecessor law the Petroleum (Exploratoion and Production) Act 1980, the concept of an aggregator who has the exclusive right to purchase, collect and sell natural gas from producers save for LNG for export purposes. The aggregator thus has the exclusive right to purchase gas from you and then to sell it in the local market. This is a big problem for many private players since the aggregator needs to have the financial muscle to pay for this gas and at the same time should be able to pay a reasonable price that must be negotiated. Hence if you are unable to negotiate the price, you might never be able to sell.

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A M not going to make new year resolutions that I may not keep. But I want to direct my fire at a few culprits whose exploits are threatening the tranquility of this oasis of peace called Tanzania.

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REETINGS people, hope you all had a Merry Christ- mas and looking forward God willingly to seeing the New Year and for the parents out there who have their children in school, not so looking for- ward to paying school fees.

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HAPPY new year to all our readers. In order to capture the current Christmas and new year festive mood , I have chosen to write about one interesting, but little known, aspect of our national history, which is directly related to what happened at the time of a similar festive season in the year of Tanganyika’s independence, 1961.    

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FOR several weeks, media organs have been reporting on the fate of ‘Faru John’ (38) who mysteriously vanished from the face of Planet Earth.

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